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Chapter 2 features global-scale climate variables; Chapter 3 highlights the global oceans; and Chapter 4 includes tropical climate phenomena including tropical cyclones. Preliminary evidence suggests ocean acidification will have negative effects on corals, shellfish, and other marine life, with wide-ranging consequences for ecosystems, fisheries, and tourism.
The Arctic and Antarctic respond differently through time and are reported in separate chapters (5 and 6, respectively). This report, requested by Congress, reviews the current state of knowledge and identifies gaps in understanding, and provides scientific advice to help guide the national ocean acidification research program. Committee on the Development of an Integrated Science Strategy for Ocean Acidification Monitoring, Research, and Impacts Assessment; National Research Council. record_id=12904# Resource type: Online article Description: In a Swedish fford, European researchers are conducting an ambitious experiment aimed at better understanding how ocean acidification will affect marine life.
: [From the webpage] "An international, peer-reviewed publication released each summer, the "State of the Climate" is the authoritative annual summary of the global climate published as a supplement to the . Reference: shell dissolution as an indicator of declining habitat suitability owing to ocean acidification in the California Current Ecosystem (2014). Although similarities exist, no past event perfectly parallels future projections in terms of disrupting the balance of ocean carbonate chemistry—a consequence of the unprecedented rapidity of CO2 release currently taking place. Gibbs, Appy Sluijs, Richard Zeebe, Lee Kump, Rowan C. This Strategic Plan will work to implement a comprehensive global and regional ocean acidification observing system that includes the monitoring of physical, chemical, biological, social, and cultural effects.The report, compiled by NOAA’s Center for Weather and Climate at the National Centers for Environmental Information is based on contributions from scientists from around the world. Each chapter characterizes the strength of the scientific evidence for a given climate–health exposure pathway or “link” in the causal chain between a climate change impact and its associated health outcome. Link: type: Report Description: This report assesses the science of climate change and its impacts across the United States, now and throughout this century. Case studies were also provided as illustrations of climate impacts and adaptation programs. The authors found 53% of onshore individuals and 24% of offshore individuals on average to have severe dissolution damage. The summary is based on the logical consequences of and conclusions stemming from the scientific findings presented in the preceding chapters. Link: Resource type: Report Description: This overview report presents a summary of the first comprehensive assessment of Arctic Ocean acidification (AOA) conducted by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme, (2014).It provides a detailed update on global climate indicators, notable weather events, and other data collected by environmental monitoring stations and instruments located on land, water, ice, and in space. This assessment’s findings represent an improvement in scientific confidence in the link between climate change and a broad range of threats to public health, while recognizing populations of concern and identifying emerging issues. Relative to preindustrial CO2 concentrations, the extent of undersaturated waters in the top 100 m of the water column has increased over sixfold along the California Current Ecosystem (CCE). Helene Amundsen, Leif Anderson, Andreas Andersson, Kumiko Azetsu-Scott, and Richard Bellerby (assessment leads), Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway.Chapter 7 provides a regional perspective authored largely by local government climate specialists. The report has been written for policy-makers, stakeholders, the media and the broader public. Results of these applications are highlighted herein.
Sidebars included in each chapter are intended to provide background information on a significant climate event from 2013, a developing technology, or emerging dataset germane to the chapter’s content. Each section begins with a set of key points that summarizes the main findings. Reference: Authors: Malcolm Spaulding, Annette Grilli, Chris Damon, Teresa Crean, Grover Fugate, Bryan Oakley, Peter Stempel (2016).
Chapter 7 provides a regional perspective authored largely by local government climate specialists. Ultimately, these scientists hope to determine which species might win and which might lose in a more acidic ocean.